Brahman is the lived experience that all things are in some way holy because they come from the same sacred source.
Individuals are all manifestations of the Divine Spirit, which does not end when the individual dies. They are also the continuation of earlier forms of life that have taken new forms.
Hinduism adopted the belief that everything living has its own life force and that every life force, when it loses one form, is reborn into another, which is known as reincarnation.
What determines the direction of one's rebirth is karma, which is the moral law of cause and effect. Belief in karma is a belief that every action has an automatic moral consequence.
Samsara refers to the wheel of life, the circle of constant rebirth, and strongly suggests that the everyday world is full of change, struggle, and suffering.
Moksha implies liberation even from the limitations of being an individual and is the ultimate human goal.
Devotion to a guru (spiritual teacher) is a large and ancient component of Hindu spirituality. Many Hindus believe that the guru is both a saint and a living embodiment of the divine, which explains the practice of darshan (“presence”). Because people of spiritual accomplishment are thought to radiate their divine nature, disciples find opportunities to be in their presence.
Sources: Molloy, M. (2008). Experiencing the world's religions: Tradition, challenge, and change (6th ed.). Boston: -McGraw Hill Higher Education. http://imagecache2.allposters.com/images/NIM/ARE182.jpg
Self-control (yama) is the fundamental reorientation of the personality away from selfishness. It involves practicing ahimsa (not hurting living beings), exhibiting sexual restraint, shunning greed, refusing to steal, and embracing truthfulness.
Obsercance (niyamaa) is the regular practice of the five preceding virtuous pursuits.
Many religious festivals are associated with the seasons, such as a springtime fertility festival and a post-monsoon festival. Others are related to events in a god’s life, such as the site of his birth or places he traveled to.
The spring is welcomed with the celebration Holi. It is traditional for boys and girls to playfully throw colored water on each other, thus evoking images of Krishna’s exploits with the milkmaids.